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The concept of love

February 11, 2009

across ages and in different lands…

Picture courtesy http://www.travelpod.com/…/1169298600/tpod.html
Kama ,The god of love and Rati, the goddess of lust

Kāma (Skt., Pali; Devanagari: काम) is pleasure, sensual gratification, sexual fulfillment, pleasure of the senses, desire, eros, the aesthetic enjoyment of life in Sanskrit. In Hinduism, kāma is regarded as one of the four goals of life (purusharthas): the others are worldly status (artha), duty (dharma) and inner freedom (moksha). Kama-deva is the personification of this, a god equivalent to the Greek Eros and the Roman Cupid.

Kama represents emotional and mental states of love.

In one story, he angered Shiva, who destroyed him with his gaze. Afterwards, there was barrenness and sterility in the world–nothing could regenerate. Seeing the need of love in the world, Shiva later resurrected him.
In his upper right hand he holds five arrows: one that gladdens the heart, one that causes attraction, one that leads to infatuation, one that weakens and one that kills pleasantly. Rati is his consort; together they hold the bow.

Picture courtesy http://www.kamat.com/indica/faiths/gods/6821.htm
Kama Shooting the Arrow of Lust
Painting by Rudrakumar Jha shows Kama burning in the fire of passion

Picture courtesy http://www.kural.in/Kural/index.asp?No=160
Kama the god of love in another version

In the classical world, the phenomenon of love was generally understood as a kind of madness or, as the Greeks put it, theia mania (“madness from the gods”).
In Roman mythology, Cupid (Latin cupido) is the god of erotic love and beauty
. He is also known by another one of his Latin names, Amor (cognate with Kama).


In the Roman version, Cupid was the son of Venus (goddess of love) and Mars (god of war), and in the Greek version he was the son of Aphrodite and was named Eros, the following story is almost identical in both cultures. He was often depicted with wings, a bow, and a quiver of arrows

Pic courtesy http://www.commercialappeal.com/…/
In popular culture Cupid is frequently shown shooting his bow to inspire romantic love, often as an icon of Valentine’s Day.
Cupid has also become a symbol of Valentine’s Day.

The more common holiday representation of Cupid is a putto with a bow and arrow. Sometimes the arrow will have a heart for its tip. Cupid is most often seen either nude or diapered. Cupid is sometimes blindfolded, as in the expression “love is blind.”

Modern reinterpretations of the Cupid character may leave off traditional details of the character, but the character’s main purpose generally remains to help or make people fall in love or possibly engage in physical intimacy.

Picture courtsey http://www.indianetzone.com/12/gandharva_marriage.htm
Shakuntala and Dushyant
Abhijñānaśākuntalam (अभिज्ञान शाकुन्तलम् )
(The Recognition of Śakuntalā) is a well-known Sanskrit play by Kālidāsa.
Their story

Shakuntala and Dushyant had a Gandharva Vivaah.To read more go here

Picture courtesy http://hinduism.about.com/od/scripturesepics/a/lovelegends.htm
Radha and Krishna
Their story

A not so new draft this one is..:)
But it was fascinating to know more about how love was viewed ,how it was defined by scholars,writers,poets……
I could not include all the various love stories that Indian Mythology is full of….They are all beautiful,they are all unique….
I am sure many of us know most of them.

My favourite definition of love is what the Greeks said,
Love is theia mania or “madness from the gods”
Beautiful on its own…this definition…

It is fascinating to read how love has been defined in the Greco-Roman tradition.
Specially how Plato seeks to see and interpret love..or Eros

Love is back on the plate now…:)
and will continue to be till 14th….and after maybe?:D

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23 Comments leave one →
  1. Ajit permalink
    February 11, 2009 6:00 am

    love and lust and passion will always remain in this world…. 🙂
    and these gods will never die…or should i say never be forgotten…

    good comparitive study indyeah…..

  2. What's In A Name ? permalink
    February 11, 2009 7:57 am

    Muthalik should be forcibly made to read this post, brave one! 🙂

  3. What's In A Name ? permalink
    February 11, 2009 7:57 am

    Muthalik should be forcibly made to read this post, brave one! 🙂

  4. What's In A Name ? permalink
    February 11, 2009 7:57 am

    Muthalik should be forcibly made to read this post, brave one! 🙂

  5. What's In A Name ? permalink
    February 11, 2009 7:57 am

    Muthalik should be forcibly made to read this post, brave one! 🙂

  6. What's In A Name ? permalink
    February 11, 2009 7:57 am

    Muthalik should be forcibly made to read this post, brave one! 🙂

  7. What's In A Name ? permalink
    February 11, 2009 7:57 am

    Muthalik should be forcibly made to read this post, brave one! 🙂

  8. What's In A Name ? permalink
    February 11, 2009 7:57 am

    Muthalik should be forcibly made to read this post, brave one! 🙂

  9. What's In A Name ? permalink
    February 11, 2009 7:57 am

    Muthalik should be forcibly made to read this post, brave one! 🙂

  10. Indian Home Maker permalink
    February 11, 2009 9:17 am

    Brilliant and timely!

    And anybody who tries to preach about Indian culture should read this.

    Please take lots of pictures of your protest, we are going to do the same thing and then post the pictures on our blogs for all to see. ..

  11. Kislay permalink
    February 11, 2009 9:22 am

    Very interesting post . This IS a part of our culture . And co-incidence , you wrote about Love , and I wrote one on Prem Mahotsav . But mine is silly . 🙂

  12. Usha Pisharody permalink
    February 11, 2009 2:03 pm

    This is another well conceived and researched and presented post! What more reminders does the Morality Guardian need about expressions of love and about relationships being part of our culture.

    Why can he not perhaps even go so far as to think that the West maybe picked up the Cupid idea from Lord kama? 🙂 🙂 Maybe we could suggest it to him. So us celebrating Valentine’s Day, is but natural. Celebrating our heritage 🙂 🙂

    Wonder-struck at the offerings on this blog 🙂

  13. Sashu... permalink
    February 11, 2009 5:12 pm

    great post! quite a deal informative!! n yea, muthalik shd read dz one!!

    kudos!!

  14. Indian Home Maker permalink
    February 11, 2009 5:34 pm

    @Kislay I don’t think yours is silly either, there are be many positive ways of looking at it, yours is one of them 🙂

  15. Indian Home Maker permalink
    February 11, 2009 6:42 pm

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    Last Date of Collection: 12 February

    IF YOU ARE IN PUNE

    Drop it off with Nitesh at High Spirits (Near ABC Farms)
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    Last Date of Collection: 12 February

    IF YOU ARE IN HYDERABAD

    Call these gentlemen:
    Samir gandhi – 9246282223 / 9866733040
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  16. Corinne Rodrigues permalink
    February 11, 2009 7:53 pm

    What a wonderful post….lots to learn from it!
    Thanks for all your comments and support – your comments reach out with a lot of warmth…

    Luv
    Corinne

  17. Solilo permalink
    February 11, 2009 8:07 pm

    Abhi, I read it when you posted but I couldn’t post a comment then.

    This is well researched and part of our culture which these goons are talking about. Look at ‘Kama’ and ‘Cupid’ so similar. So how different are we from anyone. What is with every thing which one doesn’t approve off is equated with western world? Suddenyl people are coming up with theories like drinking and pub culture is copying Sex and the City. So what is Jeans? Isn’t that western too?

    Drinking was an integral part of our culture. Why blame west for everything? I can understand sick fundamentalists but some of us who are well-read and know about culture too are now blaming west.

    Pink campaign is as peaceful as any other. Only when women does something it is questioned. Where were people when women were getting beaten up?

    Even now panties, condom, sanitary napkin all these things are to be hidden somehwere because of some primordial culture. blech!

    Love your post Abhi and this is one of the places where I feel like writing my mind. Another is IHM’s place :)):))

    As IHM said, please do take lot of pictures of your protest. We will need it for our Gender Inequality group too.

  18. Indyeah permalink
    February 11, 2009 11:07 pm

    Ajit:-yeah they will…they are eternal human emotions, an inherent part of us…:)thank you 🙂

    Whats in a name:-Thanks:)though its not really brave…:)just the plain truth…:)
    I doubt if that scum surfs the net…

    IHM:-Thanks IHM!:)
    Yeah will try and take lots of pics…and hope that ppl turn up too…
    Thanks for all the details you have provided below..:)

    Kislay:-Thank you:)stop calling your post silly!I already told you I love that post:) and yeah love has always been a part of all humans since eternity..:)

    Usha Pisharody:-thanks:)yeah the west probably did 😀

    ”So us celebrating Valentine’s Day, is but natural. Celebrating our heritage 🙂 :)”lol!yeah lets suggest it ..:D

    awww at the last line..:)(((hugs)))

    Sashu:-Thank you sweetheart:)
    loved your words…MR M is apparently technologically challenged…:D

    Corrine:-Thank YOu so much…for being so free with your words and generous with your praise…Let me thank you for your posts on life and all about it…:)((hugss))

    Solilo:_Anytime:)hop right over and pour your heart out!!aww at that and hugs:)

    ”Even now panties, condom, sanitary napkin all these things are to be hidden somehwere because of some primordial culture. blech!”
    completely agree sheer hypocrisy!

    will take as many as I can:)
    ((hugs))

  19. hitch writer permalink
    February 12, 2009 12:48 am

    Ridiculous people have tried to become custodians of culture…

    This has brought us to discussing this everywhere… I hope this is reaching the perverts in some way…

    The urban youth has been united by this but problem is we dont seem to matter ….

    May be our number is too less may be coz we are a generation that wasn’t voting… so no one cares. We donot seem to be making any noise outside the blogosphere…. sad but i guess true..

    Whilst we are venting it out … I hope it reaches the perverts and we are able to do some goood…

    I loved that campaign of yours btw… Proud of you.. !!

  20. Balvinder Singh permalink
    February 12, 2009 1:20 am

    Well written Abhlasha, if we go back into the history or mythology of our country we will find that this was a land of love and not lust. The acts of love have been converted into that of lust by the perverted minds. kamasutra was born in India, we shunned that. Yoga was born in India we shunned that. That is how the paradigm shift has taken place. Kind courtesy our moral policemen.

  21. Biju Mathews permalink
    February 12, 2009 5:15 am

    Excellent!! A well researched post!!

  22. Ana Cristina permalink
    February 12, 2009 11:26 am

    Love is theia mania or “madness from the gods”

    How gorgeous. I love the concept of love being a madness sent by the gods.

  23. hitch writer permalink
    February 13, 2009 8:25 pm

    Bout that pessimistic comment above… !!!

    I have to eat my words now…

    we do make the right noise…

    the guy pulled his campaign back…

    aam junta won !!

    goonda’s lost… !!!

    Yes this does happen in my country tooo….

    Hip Hip Hurray !!!

    and Happy Valentines Day !!!

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