The concept of love
across ages and in different lands…
Picture courtesy http://www.travelpod.com/…/1169298600/tpod.html
Kama ,The god of love and Rati, the goddess of lust
Kāma (Skt., Pali; Devanagari: काम) is pleasure, sensual gratification, sexual fulfillment, pleasure of the senses, desire, eros, the aesthetic enjoyment of life in Sanskrit. In Hinduism, kāma is regarded as one of the four goals of life (purusharthas): the others are worldly status (artha), duty (dharma) and inner freedom (moksha). Kama-deva is the personification of this, a god equivalent to the Greek Eros and the Roman Cupid.
Kama represents emotional and mental states of love.
In one story, he angered Shiva, who destroyed him with his gaze. Afterwards, there was barrenness and sterility in the world–nothing could regenerate. Seeing the need of love in the world, Shiva later resurrected him.
In his upper right hand he holds five arrows: one that gladdens the heart, one that causes attraction, one that leads to infatuation, one that weakens and one that kills pleasantly. Rati is his consort; together they hold the bow.
Picture courtesy http://www.kamat.com/indica/faiths/gods/6821.htm
Kama Shooting the Arrow of Lust
Painting by Rudrakumar Jha shows Kama burning in the fire of passion
Picture courtesy http://www.kural.in/Kural/index.asp?No=160
Kama the god of love in another version
In the classical world, the phenomenon of love was generally understood as a kind of madness or, as the Greeks put it, theia mania (“madness from the gods”).
In Roman mythology, Cupid (Latin cupido) is the god of erotic love and beauty. He is also known by another one of his Latin names, Amor (cognate with Kama).
In the Roman version, Cupid was the son of Venus (goddess of love) and Mars (god of war), and in the Greek version he was the son of Aphrodite and was named Eros, the following story is almost identical in both cultures. He was often depicted with wings, a bow, and a quiver of arrows
Pic courtesy http://www.commercialappeal.com/…/
In popular culture Cupid is frequently shown shooting his bow to inspire romantic love, often as an icon of Valentine’s Day.
Cupid has also become a symbol of Valentine’s Day.
The more common holiday representation of Cupid is a putto with a bow and arrow. Sometimes the arrow will have a heart for its tip. Cupid is most often seen either nude or diapered. Cupid is sometimes blindfolded, as in the expression “love is blind.”
Modern reinterpretations of the Cupid character may leave off traditional details of the character, but the character’s main purpose generally remains to help or make people fall in love or possibly engage in physical intimacy.
Picture courtsey http://www.indianetzone.com/12/gandharva_marriage.htm
Shakuntala and Dushyant
Abhijñānaśākuntalam (अभिज्ञान शाकुन्तलम् )
(The Recognition of Śakuntalā) is a well-known Sanskrit play by Kālidāsa.
Shakuntala and Dushyant had a Gandharva Vivaah.To read more go here
Picture courtesy http://hinduism.about.com/od/scripturesepics/a/lovelegends.htm
Radha and Krishna
A not so new draft this one is..:)
But it was fascinating to know more about how love was viewed ,how it was defined by scholars,writers,poets……
I could not include all the various love stories that Indian Mythology is full of….They are all beautiful,they are all unique….
I am sure many of us know most of them.
My favourite definition of love is what the Greeks said,
Love is theia mania or “madness from the gods”
Beautiful on its own…this definition…
It is fascinating to read how love has been defined in the Greco-Roman tradition.
Specially how Plato seeks to see and interpret love..or Eros
Love is back on the plate now…:)
and will continue to be till 14th….and after maybe?:D